SSC GD Antonyms and Synonyms Important Questions PDF
What is a Synonym?
Synonyms are words with the same or similar meanings. Example: Breeze and Wind. Synonyms can literally mean different but they can be used in place of each other to maintain the meaning of the sentence.
What is an Antonym?
Antonyms are words with opposite meanings.
Example: Happy and Sad. They can be used to replace negative statements.
Example: ‘He is not happy.’ can be written as ‘He is sad.’
In the following questions out of the four alternatives, choose the one which best expresses the meaning of the given word.
(a) Luxury loving (b) Lovely
(c) Rich (d) Abundant
(a) Cancerous (b) Ferocious
(c) Quarrelsome (d) Fissiparous
(a) Sadness (b) Happiness
(c) Responsibility (d) Criticism
(a) Humiliation (b) Embarrassment
(c) Ridicule (d) Condemnation
(a) Commonplace (b) Clever
(c) Brief (d) Impudent
(a) Decline (b) Downfall
(c) Discomfiture (d) Degeneration
(a) Banish (b) Belittle
(c) Beguile (d) Besiege
(a) Antagonistic (b) Toxic
(c) Preventive (d) Purgative
(a) Huddle (b) Satisfy
(c) Protect (d) Cheat
(a) Funny (b) Irrational
(c) Weak (d) Partisa
HINTS & SOLUTIONS
1. (d) The word Luxuriant (Adjective) means : growing thickly and strongly; rich in something that is pleasant or beautiful; abundant.
2. (c) The word Cantankerous (Adjective) means : bad tempered and always complaining. Hence, the words cantankerous and quarrelsome are
3. (c) The word Onus (Noun) means : the responsibility for something.
4. (c) The word Derision (Noun) means : rodicule; mockery; a strong feeling that somebody/something is ridiculous and not worth considering seriously.
5. (a) The word Trite (Adjective) means : dull and boring because it has been expressed so many times before; not original; banal; very ordinary and containing nothing that is interesting or important. Hence, the words trite and commonplace are synonymous.
6. (b) The word Debacle (Noun) means : an event or a situation that is a suden or complete failure. Hence, the words debacle and downfall are synonymous.
7. (a) The word Ostracise (Verb) means : to refuse to let somebody; a member of a social group: refuse, shun. Hence the words banish and ostracise are
8. (c) The word Prohylactic means : course of action used to prevent a disease. Hence, the words prophylactic and preventive are synonymous.
9. (b) The word Coddle (Verb) means: to treat somebody with too much care and attention, pamper, cosset. Hence, the words coddle and satisfy are synonymous.
10. (c) The word Flimsy (Ajective) means : badly made and not strong enough: thin and easily torn. Hence, the words flimsy and weak are synonymous
In the following questions choose the word opposite in meaning to the given word.
(a) Weak (b) Pale
(c) Monotonous (d) Ugly
(a) Sanctity (b) Reverence
(c) Falsehood (d) Rarity
(a) Vagueness (b) Dullness
(c) Unfairness (d) Unwillingness
(a) Inexcilable (b) Enduring
(c) Dispassionate (d) Subdued
(a) Sliding (b) Slopping
(c) Strained (d) Straight
(a) Accept (b)Reward
(c) Preserve (d) Consent
(a) Improve (b)Depend
(c) Soften (d) Worsen
(a) Natural (b)Odd
(c) Whimsical (d) Sinful
(a) Straight (b) Obvious
(c) Simple (d) Superficial
(a) Imminent (b)Permanent
(c) Pervasive (d) Immanent
1. (b) The word Florid (Adjective) means : rosy; gaudy; ornated; red; having too much decoration or detail. The word Pale (Adjective) means : light in colour; not strong or bright; having skin that is almost white because of illness. Hence, the words florid and pale are antonymous.
2. (c) The word Verity (Noun) means : a belief or principle about life that is accepted as true; truth. Hence, the words verity and falsehood are antonymous.
3. (a) The word Perspicuity (Noun) means : clarity. The word vagueness (Noun) means : no clarity in a person’s mind. Hence, the words perspicuity and Vagueness are antonymous.
4. (c) The word Fervent (Adjective) means : having or showing very strong and sincere feelings about something; ardent. The word Dispassionate (Adjective) means : not influenced by emotion; impartial. Hence, the words fervent and dispassionate are antonymous.
5. (d) The word Meandering (Adjective) means : not straight ; curved ; a course that does not follow a straight path. Hence, the words meandering and straight are antonymous.
6. (a) The word Jettison (Verb) means : to throw something; abandon; to reject an idea. Hence, the words jettison and accept are antonymous.
7. (d) The word Ameliorate (Verb) means : to make something better.
Hence, the words ameliorate and worsen are antonyms.
8. (a) The word Grotesque (Adjective) means : strange in a way that is unpleasant: extremely ugly, unusual Hence, the words grotesque and natural are antonyms.
9. (a) The word Devious (Adjective) means : behaving in a dishonest way: a route that is not straight. Hence, the words devious and straight are antonymous.
10. (b) The word Evanescent (Adjective) means: disappearing quickly from sight or memory. Hence, the words evanescent and permanent are
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